Garbage bags outside the containers, cardboard and broken glass on streets of historic importance and food debris scattered parks form part of the landscape of our cities. Given the alarming situation in which the cities of the serious problems of pollution that cause accumulation and Solid Waste (MSW), pneumatic waste collection is presented as one of the most effective and innovative alternative in our country. To recall, the generation of MSW in Spain has doubled in less than ten years, from 12 million in 1991 to 26.5 million in 2000, as recorded by Greenpeace in a report.
The first Spanish experience in pneumatic waste collection took place at the Olympic Village in Barcelona. Installed in 1990, this system is intended to cover the waste collection needs of housing for Olympians. The sample municipalities have followed Barcelona Leganes and Palma de Mallorca. The last city has been implanting Vitoria. He did it last year, serving about 10,000 people and an annual collection of 2.3 million kilos. Unlike the Spanish case, where its presence is still limited, these facilities are more popular in the rest of Europe, perhaps because in countries like Sweden have been operating for twenty years. The choice of pneumatic waste collection is particularly attractive in the case of older urban areas. Citizens living in the old town or a city described as Heritage of Humanity is facing a serious problem: why collect their garbage?
First, the installation of containers in these homes causes “aesthetic pollution”, according to municipal sources, and, secondly, in many places because of the narrowness of the streets, is problematic placement of the containers and their subsequent collection given the lack of access by garbage trucks.