Therefore authority and power are essential elements of all society; without them the social order would not last, of the opposite sociedadese would destroy in anarchy of the disobedience. The man was born to live in society, therefore, not being able to live in the isolation nor if to provide what he is necessary and useful to the life, nor to acquire the perfection of the spirit and the heart. He made it to the Step to join itself to its fellow creatures, in a civil, only society domestic how much in such a way capable to supply what she is necessary to the perfection of the existence. The social order, then, helps the man to be more man. It places it in contact with the others reflecting its reality human being: to be social. In this lesson it had the presentation of Bruno Laselva in which ' approached the subject; ' The paper of the Estado' ' had as heading: ' ' THE FUNCTIONS OF THE STATE IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE SOCIAL DOCTRINE OF THE IGREJA' ' – (09/11/2009) the notion of ' ' Estado' ' she is old and it precedes to Christian thought. The concept of State is not a valid general concept for all the times, but it is a historical concept, concrete, that appears when the idea and the practical one of the sovereignty are born, what it only occurred in century XVII: the official date where the world occidental person if presents organized in States is of 1648, year where the peace of Westflia was signed. The expositor said that two questions if reveal: the problem of the originary formation of the States (of human groupings not yet integrated in any State); the problem of the derived formation (the formation of new States from other preexisting ones). This everything was despertando conscience for search of unit (between States), that after all it would be materialize in the treat ones to peace of Westflia, that had had the character of documentation of the existence of a new type of State, with the basic characteristic of territorial unit endowed with a sovereign power: it was already the Modern State.